VoIP is an acronym some people are probably unfamiliar with, but they have most likely heard of the concept. Voice over Internet Protocol, of VoIP, is simply a different way to make phone calls. A computer and high-speed internet connection is used to make calls, or sometimes a VoIP adapter is attached to a regular phone. What sets this apart from traditional phone calling, other than its web-based technique, is that VoIP is less expensive, which is appeals to many people.

Beginnings and Growth
A company called VocalTec introduced VoIP in 1995 as a way to get around paying for expensive long distance and international calls. Known at the time as Internet Phone, users needed the same software to talk to each, and there was no video. Seeing the potential of this type of communication and with the growth in technology, other companies entered the computer-calling business. Some of the more popular VoIP companies operating in 2017 include Vonage, Skype and MagicJack, which acquired VocalTec in 2010.

How it Works
VoIP software converts a voice into a digital signal and sends it over the internet. If the call goes to a standard phone number, the digital signal is converted into a standard phone signal before reaching its destination. Calls can be computer-to-computer or between a computer and cell phone or land line. Many businesses use voip, such as Long Island personal injury lawyer Marc Albert.

Making VoIP calls requires a computer and a broadband internet connection through a cable modem or high speed service, such as DSL. When using a traditional land line, a VoIP adapter is necessary, and calls are made the same way they are with a standard telephone connection. Some services make use of a specifically-designated VoIP phone that connects directly to a broadband connection. Calling directly through a computer requires software and a microphone.

Advantages
• Save Money
VoIP phone service is less expensive than traditional ones, especially for long distance and international calling. When calling computer-to-computer, as with Skype, the call is free. It’s something which is amazing for criminal attorneys who need to save money, and work remotely.
• Without the boundaries of a land line, a person or business can choose a phone number in a different city, country or continent. That means any calls made from the individual or business geographical location will actually be domestic calls from the location of the phone number chosen.
• VoIP has features included that cost extra with a traditional phone system. These include caller ID, call waiting and voicemail.
• Some VoIP providers offer portable service, which means customers can make calls wherever a broadband connection is available.

Disadvantages
• During a power outage, service may be lost, and calls can’t be made in an emergency.
• VoIP may not have a direct 9-1-1 connection. Instead of reaching an emergency dispatcher, calls may end up in administrative offices that are not staffed around the clock. This could lead to longer response times by emergency personnel.
• Directory assistance may not be available.
• With computer-to-computer calling, sound quality and reliability are only as good as the internet connection and PC used. Slow computers, poor internet connections and heavy internet usage can affect calls.